The exercise which is being conducted by the Ghana Statistical Service will last for two weeks.
About GH¢64 million will be spent on the project.
Finance and Economic Planning Minister, Dr Kwabena Duffuor told a news conference in Accra that so far government has only provided GH¢ 32 million of the entire budget with the rest to be funded by donor support.
He noted that the 2010 census has been set as a national priority.
The Minister also urged all stakeholders to work hard to ensure that the project becomes a success.